Issues and Topics in Social History
Social history emerged as a new academic discipline in the 1960s in response to the traditional history writing on politics, even though it has origins in the field of history. From then on, social history has branched out to different issues and academic areas. While it may be more commonly understood as the history of society as a whole, it is also associated with the history of formerly neglected and forgotten groups of people in society such as the poor, the working class, children, women, and other minorities.
Migration is not a recent phenomenon. As a matter of fact, it is a vital facet of human existence for centuries now. Humans have migrated as individuals and as groups for various reasons including: escaping war and conflict, religious intolerance, or political repression, finding new economic opportunities, finding means to end poverty or hunger, trading and traveling. Generally speaking, migration is defined as the process of crossing the boundary of an administrative or a political unit for a specific minimum period.
A labor market refers to the relationship between the employment and labor, in terms of supply and demand. Global labor history is not just a theory, it is also a special area of interest and concern. It refers to the history those people who, through their work, have contributed to the development of the modern world. Traditionally, there are four overlapping areas of research in global labor history: organizational histories, organizational forms that are under-researched such as mutual benefit societies or consumer cooperatives, history of working classes in the global south, and the history of pre-industrial workers.
Migration history documents the agency and motivations of migrants who have undergone the process of migration. Global migration in the past century is better understood through various perspectives such as urbanization, globalization, and decolonization. A global perspective and an extended time frame is necessary in the study and research of global migration causes and effects, patterns, and processes. In the more comprehensive study of global economic history, global migration plays a considerable part along with other crucial factors.